Repentance and the Return to God Tawba in Early Sufism (by Atif Khalil)

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Imad Jafar



A tradition found in the Ṣaḥīḥ of Muslim (d. 875) states that the Prophet Muḥammad told his companions, “O people, turn to God in tawba. Verily, I engage in tawba with Him one hundred times a day.” Many similar reports are scattered throughout the ḥadīth corpus, with one pertinent tradition even stating that the Prophet went so far as to christen himself the nabī al-tawba, that is, the “prophet of tawba.”

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