American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences http://ajiss.org/index.php/ajiss <p><span style="color: #dcc3a9;"><strong>AJISS</strong>, established in 1984, is a quarterly, double blind peer-reviewed and interdisciplinary journal, published by the International Institute of Islamic Thought (IIIT), and distributed worldwide. The journal showcases a wide variety of scholarly research on all facets of Islam and the Muslim world.</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> The International Institute of Islamic Thought en-US American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences 0887-7653 Lexical Choice and Rhetorical Expression in Ignazio Lomellini’s 1622 Translation of and Commentary on the Qur’an http://ajiss.org/index.php/ajiss/article/view/93 <p>Animadversiones, Notae ac Disputationes in Pestilentem Alcoranum is a unique document housed in the University of Genoa library and consisting of the entire text of the Qur’ān in Arabic, a Latin translation of same, and extensive commentaries and marginalia in Latin, with a few short passages in Arabic and Hebrew. The document is dated 1622 and has heretofore received little attention from scholars. Although <em>Animadversiones </em>had none of the impact of other early Latin translations of the Qur’ān, this text is of considerable value as an example of how early Western Christian scholars of the Qur’ān grappled with lexical, syntactical and exegetical problems. This article examines a series of lexical choices made by Lomellini and touches on some of his exegetical discourses, his intended audiences, and possible sources and informants. Special attention is given to the tension between Lomellini’s mission to propagate the Catholic faith and his desire to produce a translation faithful to the meaning of the original.</p> PAUL JOHN Shore ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2018-06-26 2018-06-26 35 3 34 – 60 34 – 60 In Good Company http://ajiss.org/index.php/ajiss/article/view/103 <p>Women’s participation in the Tablīghī Jamā‘at, an Islamic reform movement launched in the 1920s that emphasizes personal piety, remains underexamined, impeded by the organization’s strict <em>pardāh </em>requirements but also by the popular perception that it is a body of male preachers. While there is no indication that its founder wanted women to play an active role in his movement, women were a part of the Jamāt a few decades later. This paper points to important twentieth-century shifts in the socio-economic configuration in north India that paved the way for women’s inclusion in the Jamāt. The mode of piety that evolved in this period was better suited to handle the stresses of the emerging salaried class, and it upheld the pious wife as an ideal companion for the pious man, underplaying the role of teachers and spiritual masters. This paper argues that the possibility of social and geographic mobility that changed the structure of the household and the texture of local communities also formulated a mode of piety that enabled women to perform <em>da‘wā</em>.</p> Darakhshan Haroon Khan ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2018-06-30 2018-06-30 35 3 1 25 Some Reflections on the First Muslim Visitor to Japan http://ajiss.org/index.php/ajiss/article/view/150 <p>This research note explores the biography and visit of the first Muslim visitor to Japan. This figure known as Sādōulǔdīng 撒都魯丁 visited Japan as part of a Mongol envoy in 1275CE, which ultimately ended in his execution in the country. Very little research has been conducted on Sādōulǔdīng, and therefore this note begins by evaluating relevant primary sources in order to assess what information can be garnered about this figure and his visit. Hitherto most scholars have suggested that Sādōulǔdīng was either a Uyghur or an Arab. This note, on the other hand, offers a new hypothesis; namely that there is a high probability that Sādōulǔdīng was of Persian ancestry. In the final part of the note, some thoughts on the significance of his visit to Japan both historically and contemporarily are presented.</p> James Harry Morris ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2018-09-10 2018-09-10 35 3