American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences <p><span style="color: #dcc3a9;"><span style="font-size: 17px;"><strong>E</strong>stablished in 1984, AJISS is a quarterly, double blind peer-reviewed and interdisciplinary journal, published by the International Institute of Islamic Thought (IIIT), and distributed worldwide. The journal showcases a wide variety of scholarly research on all facets of Islam and the Muslim world.</span></span></p> The International Institute of Islamic Thought en-US American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences 0887-7653 Aristotelian Dialectic, Medieval Jadal, and Medieval Scholastic Disputation <p>Although Greek dialectic has an influence on both Christian and Muslim scholarships in terms of structuring the argumentation, this article argues that each employs the dialectic to serve their own purposes. If the Greek dialectic aims to defeat an opponent by showing logical contradictions, Christian scholarship claims to use the dialectic to search for the truth, and Muslim literature employs it to arrive at a level of certainty in knowledge (either <em>qaṭʿī</em> or <em>ghalabat al-ẓann</em>). As a result, this article further argues, Greek dialectic&nbsp; in both Christian and Muslim contexts undergoes some modifications. In the Christian context, dialectic serves a didactical purpose, which is to find the truth that resides in the mind of the teacher. In Islamic context, Greek dialectic is modified and employed to find&nbsp; epistemological (<em>qaṭʿī</em>) or psychological (<em>ghalabat al-ẓann</em>) certainty in religious knowledge.</p> Mohammad Syifa Amin Widigdo ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-10-29 2018-10-29 35 4 1 24 Islam and Support for Gender Inequality among Women in Turkey <p>Turkey has been characterized as a nation that exhibits an amalgam of Eastern and Western cultural values. For a lengthy period of time, Turkey had prohibited Muslim women’s wearing of the veil in many public venues. Yet, the vast majority of this nation’s citizens are highly devout Muslims. Our study uses these paradoxes as a springboard for investigating early twenty-first century religious influences on Turkish Muslim women’s attitudes toward gender inequality. We introduce the theoretical construct of diversified institutional contexts, arguing that gender is not simply a singular institutional form but rather ebbs and flows with women’s mobility across variegated institutional settings. We hypothesize that religious devotion among Muslim women in Turkey circa the year 2000 will be associated with greater support for gender inequality across several institutional domains, namely, family, education, the workplace, and politics. In addition, we anticipate that as women move across these institutional contexts, they will encounter distinctive gender norms that shape their social opportunities. The public secularism and privatized religious climate of Turkey will yield the most pronounced religious support for gender inequality in family life when compared with other institutional contexts. These hypotheses are proposed for Turkey at the turn of the twenty-first century, prior to the rise of the current ruling party, and are supported with data analyzed from the 2001 wave of the World Values Survey. We conclude by specifying implications of these findings and promising directions for future research, including the continued monitoring of recent developments in this politically changing nation.</p> John Bartkowski Gabriel Acevedo Gulcimen Karakeci Favor Campbell ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-11-05 2018-11-05 35 4 25 55 A Book Review of Matthew Pierce's Twelve Infallible Men by Nicole Correri <p>Matthew Pierce’s first book, Twelve Infallible Men: The Imams and the Making&nbsp;of Shi‘ism, is a unique scholarly work about Ithnā Ash‘arī Shī‘ism and&nbsp;the development of communal identity. His main argument in this book is&nbsp;that the Shi‘a religious identity was shaped over time based on collective&nbsp;social memory and specific biographical depictions of spiritual leadership&nbsp;centered on the sacredness of the Prophet Muhammad and his family, the&nbsp;ahl al-bayt. While much scholarship on Shi‘ism is centered on the topics of&nbsp;succession, theological doctrines, or the specific rituals of ‘Ashura, Pierce&nbsp;focuses instead on how love and devotion towards the imams and the ahl&nbsp;al-bayt developed.</p> Nicole Correri ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-10-29 2018-10-29 35 4 56 59